- Editor: Barry Johnston (submitted 2019-08-25). Score information: Letter, 1 page, 100 kB Copyright: Public Domain
- Edition notes: As printed in Plymouth Collection of Hymns and Tunes, 1855 – two-staff SATB format.
- Editor: Barry Johnston (submitted 2019-08-25). Score information: 7 x 10 inches (landscape), 1 page, 70 kB Copyright: Public Domain
- Edition notes: Notes in four-shape format. Melody (Tenor) from Plymouth Collection of Hymns and Tunes, 1855; other parts written by B. C. Johnston, 2019.
Description: Tune first published as Cross and Crown in Plymouth Collection of Hymns and Tunes, 1855. The tune is sometimes attributed to George N. Allen in 1844, but the publication cited (Oberlin Social and Sabbath School Hymn Book) contains only hymns and no music. Lewis Mudge (Songs of Praise, 1889) attributed the tune to Amzi Chapin, but no documentation of this has been found. William Reynolds (2001), in his discussion of Plymouth Collection, notes that this tune is labeled "Western Melody" with eleven others, "indicating that they had come from somewhere west of the Appalachians," suggesting that this tune is part of the early nineteenth-century folk hymn tradition in America. It is probably derived from an earlier folk melody as well; Maitland is a Scottish clan, and the tune seems too upbeat for the words Allen put to it.
The first stanza of the words is derived from a later stanza of a hymn by Thomas Shepherd, 1693. George N. Allen altered this stanza and added two stanzas of his own in 1844.
Original text and translations
Original text and translations may be found at Must Jesus bear the cross alone.