Pietro Mascagni

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Born: 7 December 1863

Died: 2 August 1945


Pietro Mascagni was an Italian composer most noted for his operas. His 1890 masterpiece, Cavalleria rusticana, caused one of the greatest sensations in opera history and singlehandedly ushered in the Verismo movement in Italian dramatic music. However, though it has been stated that Mascagni, like Leoncavallo, was a "one-opera man" who could never repeat his first success, this is inaccurate. L'amico Fritz and Iris have been popular in Europe since their respective premieres. In fact, Mascagni himself claimed that at one point Iris was performed in Italy more often than Cavalleria (cf. Stivender). It is certainly a better vehicle for a popular lyric soprano.

Mascagni wrote a total of seventeen operas and operetta, several orchestral and vocal works, as well as songs and piano music. He enjoyed immense success during his lifetime, both as a composer and conductor of his own and other people's music. If he never repeated the international success of Cavalleria, it was probably because Mascagni refused to copy himself. The variety of styles in his operas — the Sicilian passion and warmth of Cavalleria, the exotic flavor of Iris, the idyllic breeze that ventilates the charming L'amico Fritz and Lodoletta, the Gallic chiaroscuro of Isabeau, the steely, Veristic power of Il piccolo Marat, the overripe post-romanticism of the lush Parisina — demonstrate a versatility that surpasses even that of Puccini.

The above is an excerpt from Wikipedia. For the full article, click here.

List of choral works


  • Cavalleria rusticana (17 May 1890 Teatro Costanzi, Rome) - libretto
  • L'amico Fritz (31 October 1891 Teatro Costanzi, Rome) - libretto
  • I Rantzau (10 November 1892 Teatro La Pergola, Florence)
  • Guglielmo Ratcliff (16 February 1895 Teatro alla Scala, Milan), composed between 1885 and the early 1890s - libretto
  • Silvano (25 March 1895 Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
  • Zanetto (2 March 1896 Liceo Musicale, Pesaro) - libretto
  • Iris (22 November 1898 Teatro Costanzi, Rome) - libretto
  • Le maschere (17 January 1901 Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa)
  • Amica (16 March 1905, Monte Carlo) - Italian libretto
  • Isabeau (2 June 1911 Teatro Coliseo, Buenos Aires)
  • Parisina (15 December 1913 Teatro alla Scala, Milan) - libretto
  • Lodoletta (30 April 1917 Teatro Costanzi, Rome) - libretto
  • Il piccolo Marat (2 May 1921 Teatro Costanzi, Rome)
  • Pinotta (23 March 1932 Casinò, San Remo), adapted from the cantata In filanda (1881)
  • Nerone (16 January 1935 Teatro alla Scala, Milan), with music written between the 1890s and the 1930s


  • (13 December 1919 Teatro Quirino, Rome)

Sacred music

  • Messa di Gloria in F major for soloists, chorus and orchestra

Click here to search for this composer on CPDL


External links

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