Passio secundum Joannem
The Passion according to St. John occupies chapters 18 & 19 of his Gospel. On Good Friday it is read by 3 chanters, taking the parts of Evangelist, Jesus, and the remaining characters, designated "Parte Synagogus". The later sings both speech by individuals and the crowd or turba. Such turbae or turbarum voces are the part usually chosen for polyphonic setting; they are 13 in number, not counting the announcement of the reading and the 2-fold repetition of "Jesum Nazarene".
Settings by composers
- William Byrd ATB All editions withdrawn
- Teodoro Clinio SAATTB
- Orlando di Lasso 4vv
- Giovan Nasco TTBB (includes Pilate's speeches)
- José Maurício Nunes Garcia SATB
- Heinrich Schütz SWV 481 SATB (in German, with Introitus & a closing motet)
- Ludovico da Viadana SATB (in English, page has complete text)
- Tomás Luis de Victoria SATB
Text and translations
In the garden Jesus asks the soldiers whom they seek (1). After his arrest and hearing before Caiphas, his disciple Peter is challenged (2). At the trial before Pilate a mob insists on Jesus' death (3-5, 7-12) and soldiers mock him (6). When Jesus has been crucified soldiers cast lots for his garment (13).
Jesus of Nazareth. (twice)